: Propagandes () by Jacques Ellul and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great. Introduction. Jacque* EJluTs view of propaganda and his approach to the study Therefore. Ellul distinguishes various fonrts of propaganda and calls his book. 13 quotes from Propaganda: The Formation of Men’s Attitudes: ‘To the extent that propaganda is based on current news, it cannot permit time for thought o.

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Refresh and try again. Please help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style. Strategic political propaganda is not concerned with speed but rather it establishes the general line, the array of arguments, and the staging of campaigns.

A superior group is able to affect the lesser groups, however, groups that have an equal amount of influence will only separate further from one another in that a members allegiance to a group develops closed mindedness.

Propaganda Quotes by Jacques Ellul

Propagandes ; original French edition: A mass society is based on individuals that are reduced to ciphers based on what they have in common to others.

Ellul took the view that prior attempts to define propaganda generally left out the sociological propafandes. However, as discussed in early chapters Ellul described the masses are incapable of making long-term foreign policy and the government needs to make these decisions in a timely manner.

Modern propaganda is a jxcques that requires an analysis of both environment and individual to be subjected to propaganda.

Propaganda is designed to be continuous within the individual’s life by filling the citizen’s entire day.

Propaganda: The Formation of Men’s Attitudes – Wikipedia

Ellul’s definition in was as follows:. While most people view the formation of public opinion as being shaped itself by interaction between different viewpoints on controversial questions, this is incorrect because public opinion is delineated by propaganda as a “truth” which is either believed or not believed.


Konrad Kellen and Jean Lerner. From then on he has enemies. Letters in Times of CrisisWilliam H. The individual would then realize that he “depends on situations of which he has no control” and have to face this reality.

As these people do not possess enough knowledge to reflect and discern, they believe—or disbelieve—in toto what they read. One thought drives away another; old facts are chased by new ones.

Ellul and Merton

Conversely, the individual should not be viewed as alone as a listener, watcher, or reader because the individual is nevertheless part of an invisible crowd though he is actually alone. Real information never concerns such a person.

The best defense here is to forget the preceding event.

The “current events man” is carried along the current of news and caught in the events of today, jzcques interest in the events of yesterday. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. Essentially sociological propaganda aims to increase conformity with the environment that is of a collective nature by developing compliance with or defense of the established order through long term penetration and progressive adaptation by using all social currents.

Participation can be active or passive: It is remarkable how the various presuppositions and aspects of myths complement each other, support each other, mutually defend each other: However they lose their value as immediacy passes as old facts are replaced by new ones.

Public Opinion and PropagandaCh 5. He filled three pages in his reading notebook with quotes jacqued excerpts from the book and entered three extended reflections in his journal within the first week of its possession. Thus he is caught up in a movement that develops until it totally occupies the breadth of his conscience.

In so doing, man denies his own continuity; to the same extent that he lives on the surface of events and makes today’s events his life by obliterating yesterday’s news, he refuses to see the contradictions in his own life and condemns himself to a life of successive moments, discontinuous and fragmented. In this process, the individual’s personal inclinations lead to participation in the collective where he loses control and submits to external impulses. More advanced propaganda can influence only a man who is not completely haunted by poverty, a pfopagandes who can view things from a jacquues distance and be reasonably unconcerned about his daily bread, who therefore can take an interest in more general matters.


Propaganda aims to capture both the mass and the individual at the same time through this dual type of society.

The individual is led unfailingly to its adherence by talking about the dialectic until the individual discovers the answer that was set up unconsciously for him to find. It momentarily subverts jaxques habits, customs, and beliefs that were obstacles propaganded making great leap forward by addressing the internal elements in each of us.

Propaganda Quotes

It is strictly a sociological phenomenon, in the sense that it has its roots and reasons in the need of the group that will sustain it. He must not know that he is being shaped by outside forces Based on his limited exposure to Ellul, Merton questioned some of what he read, and he perhaps considered aspects of Ellul too pessimistic or weakly developed.

Presented in this chapter is a sophisticated taxonomy for propaganda, including such paired opposites as political-sociological, vertical-horizontal, rational-irrational, and agitation-integration. Under these conditions there can be no thought. However, in horizontal propaganda there is no top down structure but rather it springs up from within the group.

It involves meticulous encirclement that traps an propaganndes involuntarily jafques dialectic. Henry Holt and Company, New York. Leonard Dooban American specialist, defined propaganda in as “the attempt to affect the personalities and to control the behavior of individuals towards desired ends”.