Dramaturgy is a sociological perspective that focuses on the management of everyday life. Erving Goffman is credited as being one of the chief proponents. Erving Goffman (–) developed a dramaturgical theory of the self and society inspired by Mead’s basic conception of social interaction. In the selection . For Erving Goffman (–), arguably the most original For Goffman, the subject matter of dramaturgical sociology is the creation, main-.

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Webarchive template wayback links Wikipedia articles needing goffmqn number citations from December Thus the study of liminality in sociology, ritual and theatre reveals the fictional elements underpinning society.

Likewise, in life also, there are two regions, each with its own set of behavioural norms. Dramaturgy is a sociological perspective that focuses on the management of everyday life. Appearance refers to the items of the efving front that are a reflection of the actor’s social status. Dramaturgical perspective is one of several sociological paradigms separated from other sociological theories dramatuegy it does not examine the cause of human behavior but it analyzes the context.

This performance is always emotionally loaded. Rites of passage seem to reflect this as the enactments of exclusion, and dissociation seem to be an essential feature of such.

Dramaturgy (sociology)

Sociology 7th Canadian Ed. Goffman’s definition of backstage from his book The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life states that the back stage is where “the performer can relax; he can drop his front, forgo speaking in his lines, and step out of character” This may not necessarily be true and actors of different ethnicities may be included just to make the ad drramaturgy more believable.

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It is likely that he or she does things in the kitchen that might seem unseemly in front of customers.

Goffman says that the front stage involves a differentiation between setting and personal front. There are three basic roles in Goffman’s scheme, each centered on who has access to what information. Team members must share dramatuegy as mistakes reflect on everyone. People engage in “back stage” behaviors when no audience is present.

Dramaturgy (sociology) – Wikipedia

It is composed of goffman and protective techniques. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website.

It helps establish a scene. Views Read Edit View history.

Protective techniques are used once the interaction begins in order to cover mistakes. In other words, to Goffman, the self is a sense of who one is, a dramatic effect emerging from the immediate scene being presented. Back stage is where performers are present but audience is not, and the performers can step out of character without fear of disrupting the performance.

It is where facts suppressed in the front stage or various kinds of informal actions may appear. Because of this dependence on consensus to define social situationsthe perspective argues that there is no concrete meaning to any interaction that could not be redefined. Goffman makes an important distinction between “front stage” and “back stage” behavior. Performers need to be able to maneuver boundaries to manage who has the access to the performance, when and how.


The appeal of dramaturgy lies in the fact that it can be applied to a large variety of situations in which strangers with different frame of references or belief systems interact. However, the back stage self is still present, though undetectable.

Performances can have disruptions actors are aware of suchbut most are successful. Goffman described each individual’s “performance” as the presentation of self, a person’s efforts to create specific impressions in the minds of others.

Text and Readings First ed. Interpersonal relationships Symbolic interactionism. Kenneth Burkewhom Goffman would later acknowledge as an influence, [1] had earlier presented his notions of dramatism inwhich in turn derives dramatrgy Shakespeare.

Benford and Scott A. Therefore, drajaturgy are expected to put on a costume and act different when in front of the audience. All their actions are not to please anyone but their self in the backstage. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. But the minute their kids come home, they change automatically into their good natured selves and address each other pleasantly and act as if they are at their happiest. Peter Lang Publishing Inc. Stages or regions refer to the three distinct areas where different individuals with different roles and information can be found.