This article discusses about the equimarginal principle in economics, its formula and assumptions. It is applicable when limited resources are to be allocated. The Equimarginal Principle. At this point, you may think we have exhausted all the insights we can get from the hamburger-shirt problem. We have not. The table . Equimarginal principle: economics: Theory of allocation: particular examples of the “equimarginal principle,” a tool that can be applied to any decision that.

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Definitions In the words of Ferguson, “Law of equi-marginal utility states that to maximise utility, consumers way allocate their limited incomes among goods and services in such a way that the marginal utilities per dollar rupee of expenditure equimarhinal the last unit of each good purchased will be equal” According equjmarginal Marshall, fquimarginal a person has a thing which he can put to several uses, he will distribute it among these uses in such a way that it has the same marginal utility in all” Lipsey is of the view that, “The consumer maximising his utility wilt so allocate expenditure between commodities that the utility derived from the last unit of money spent on each is equal” Example: This makes even rough calculations difficult.

For most goods, we expect to see diminishing marginal returns.

For example, we often see over-consumption of demerit goods goods which give very low marginal benefit. Example a farmer is having different four agricultural farms like.

If you are not registered with us then please ‘create an account’. As its MU is low, the price of princi;le is low.


How does our consumer allocate his total income in buying both goods X and Y is described by equalizing per rupee spent on both? This will occur where The consumer will consider both the marginal utility MU of goods and the dquimarginal.

Equimarginal principle | Economics Help

Thirdly, this law cannot be applied in the case of indivisible commodities like motor car, refrigerator, etc. A multi product firm will reach equilibrium when the marginal revenue obtained from a product is equal to that of another product or products. Can we tell from the table that he has spent his money incorrectly? Suppose that the person is not at the optimal solution of three shirts and two hamburgers.

The Equimarginal Principle At this point, you may think we have exhausted all the insights we can get from the hamburger-shirt problem. Return to top of page.

Equimarginal principle | economics |

The above table reveals the allocation of the resources labour available with a farmer according to the production nature and requirement. What we have thus seen is that a fall in the price of a good, ceteris paribus, leads to an increase in its demand. This principle is applicable to situations where a limited resource for example time, capital or equimargihal needs to be allocated among more than one independent uses. The results from the table above can be generalised to n commodities and the following condition should hold in equilibrium: This process will continue until equality is restored, i.

Students may not always allot 2 days for each subject, they may allot more days for hard subject and less days for easy subject to maintain good percentage Example: We want to know the equilibrium purchase of commodities because the basic aim of a consumer is the maximization of satisfaction from the consumption of various commodities.


It can be used for eliminating waste in useless activities. Thus, there is a link between price and MU, rather than price and total utility. We have not drawn negative portion of the marginal utility curves.

It is used in budgeting.

Equimarginal Principle in Economics

Link is provided below the login box. Equikarginal this condition is met, the consumer does not find any interest in changing his expenditure pattern. The equi-marginal principle may also be applied in allocating research expenditures. The equi-marginal principle is based on the law of diminishing marginal utility.

Revision Notes

To reach equilibrium, the consumer transfers his given money income from Y to X, that is, buy more of X and lowers its marginal utility and buy less of Y and raises its marginal utility. The equi-marginal principle can also be applied in multiple product pricing.

October 7, at The consumer, thus, does not reach equilibrium. This means the marginal utility of the fifth good tends to be lower than the marginal utility of the first good.

Just wanted to know Is it also known as equal marginal principle. Consumers are not always rational.