In today’s complex and volatile world the consequences of relying on fraudulent and counterfeit Hadith to legitimise extremist behaviour, issue. Authentication of Hadith: Redefining the Criteria. Remember me, or Register. Authentication of Hadith: Redefining the Criteria. JB Yusuf. Abstract. No Abstract. readers into further exploration of the original. Dr. Israr Ahmad Khan’s Authentication of Hadith: Redefining the. Criteria was published in complete form in

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Authentication of Hadith Redefining the Criteria

The author considers more emphasis needs to be given to assessing the text of the Hadith. This would have provided effective background to situate the current argument. The author begins by pointing out that when it comes to Hadith Muslims fall hadth four categories:. In the introduction to this chapter he states: Auyhentication is not proper to be engaged here in the discussion as to which group holds the most valid attitude.

If this Hadith is considered authentic, then the Quranic statement proves meaningless. Summary Hadith are oral accounts of the sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad pbuh. As such this is one of the main factors behind Muslim backwardness and decline in virtually every field of life including the religious and spiritual.

I recommend it highly. On discussing the issue of textual disparity with several scholars I met with one of two reactions, either discouragement from pursuing debate on Hadith further or encouragement to continue discourse. The main arguments advanced in favour of the theory are based on certain Quranic ayat as well as certain traditions, particularly those recorded by al-Bukhari in Kitab al-Qadar.

References to problems contained in the texts of some of the traditions recorded in authentic Hadith works, including al-Bukhari and Muslim, have been made in places. He then rededining on to discuss the authentication of Hadith from a textual perspective. The second tge is criticised particularly strongly: He writes his deeds, time of his death, means of his livelihood, and whether he will be wretched or blessed [in religion]. There should be perfect harmony between the two.

And Ibn al-Jawzi who though does not explicitly declare traditions as invalid based on their texts, yet, the subtitles of his book incline to critique the texts as well as the criteria that established their validity. The book of Allah exists not only to serve as a guide but also as a mediator in a situation of dispute. The book critically examines the thorny yhe of Hadith authentication and scrutinizes, by dint of critical scholarship, the standard adopted by the major compilers of hadith for judging the validity of traditions.


To buttress all these claims, he cites accredited sources in competent detail which are replete with examples of traditions classified crkteria questionable based not only on the demerit of their faulty isnads or confession of the authenticatiin but the texts. In the case of note no. Sometimes, perceived surnames come first, while other times it is popular names.

Authentication of Hadith: Redefining the Criteria | Yusuf | Ilorin Journal of Religious Studies

I would summarise the approach used as follows. The author then lists well-known commentators on al-Bukhari’s work including al-Tibi, al-Kirmani, Ibn Hajar, al-Ayni d. This is not to say that scholars of Ulum al-Hadith [the study of Hadith] have paid no attention to content.

The Prophet had said: The first of these is quoted as follows:. He goes on to discuss how these commentators have grappled with the meaning of these 27 traditions, stating that the methodologies followed by all of them are very similar: The book is quite short and easy to authenfication, being less than pages, with just eight chapters after the Foreword and Introduction:.

Authentication of Hadith Redefining the Criteria

Despite some heated discussions ctiteria opposition I persevered and continued deliberation upon traditions recorded in al-Bukhari and Muslim, reading Hadith commentaries of these two works, and also particularly the works of al-Nawawi, al-Ayni, and Ibn Hajar.

The upsurge of political groups in Islam, he claims, led to hadith forgery in support of respective claims of legitimacy, while others forged traditions merely to cause dissension among Muslims.

From his discussion it appears that most of rdefining traditions in any event have defective chains of narrators but the author points out emphatically that the text of the traditions itself is sufficient to make it clear that they are lies attributed to the Prophet.

Debate over a fore-written destiny has existed in the Muslim world since the first Islamic century. As I felt somewhat dissatisfied with the interpretations made by the great scholars I began more serious research on the authenticity of Hadith from the point of view of its text.

Although adhered to, it was also unfortunately betrayed by those who sought to gain for themselves many known and unknown advantages. The author then proceeds to explain how Muslim scholars went about identifying fabricated traditions and the work done to document the chains of transmission, and to assess the authenticity of the narrators. Tap here for MENU. Skip to main content. His conclusion in that autthentication is much more robust than his conclusion on the same Hadith in this chapter on predestination.


Those who believe in the sanctity of the Prophetic traditions but opt for an extremely careful approach with regard to their logical and practical relevance to Islamic life and civilisation.

He goes on to discuss 11 traditions which have been recorded in the books of Hadith which he regards as unreliable once subjected to review by sound reasoning. Reports, at times, corroborate history and at times, contradict it.

The first Hadith quoted in these sources is on the authority of Abd Allah ibn Masud. In case of similarity critefia both the descriptions reported and the historical event, the report is to be declared as reliable.

Ilorin Journal of Religious Studies

It states that Allah revealed to the Prophet two things, the Quran and its bayan interpretation: Also, after examining the views of the scholars, Khan falls short of indicating whether it is fabricated or not. The author lists the five criteria applied to the chain of narrators when assessing the authenticity of a Hadith:. This chapter is a humble attempt to critically review these interpretations and advance a new interpretation of most of the twenty-seven traditions contained in the chapter Kitab al-Qadar.

Given the issues raised and the force of logic brought to bear, it would be hard for anyone to digest and accept them, albeit recorded by great Hadith scholars, as authentic. Many scholars have tried to interpret these traditions in one way or another and these interpretations are available in well-known commentaries on Sahih al-Bukhari. It is consequently the responsibility of Muslim scholars well versed in the Islamic sciences, to root out with honesty and courage those ahadith which have clearly been fabricated, and which not only invite spurious interpretation but also perpetuate ignorance betraying both the Quran and the Prophet.

And one of you performs the deeds of the condemned until there is very little distance between him and Hell, he is then overtaken by destiny and he starts doing good deeds, as a result of which he enters Paradise. He places commas as he deems fit. It seems appropriate lf identify the errors contained in the report and authentjcation them in accordance with other available versions.

When she died, they realised that the meaning of the longest hand was the one most generous in charity, as she loved charity work very much.