Plants short- to long-lived annuals. Culms (3)(80) cm, often highly branched above the base. Leaves cauline, glabrous; sheaths shorter than the. Common needle grass (Aristida adscensionis L.) is an annual or short-lived perennial, tufted xerophilous grass (Quattrocchi, ; Skerman et. Aristida adscensionis Linn., Sp. Pl. Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7: ; Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses ; Bor, Fl. Assam
|Country:||Sao Tome and Principe|
|Published (Last):||20 January 2017|
|PDF File Size:||15.93 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||7.68 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The culms are thin, erect or geniculate, stiff, simple or branching adsensionis the lower nodes, yellow to bright green in colour, becoming straw coloured when matured Quattrocchi, ; Bogdan, The leaves are linear, narrow, up to 20 cm long Bogdan, The inflorescences are panicles, up to 30 cm long, more often dense and narrow but sometimes lax and flexuous Quattrocchi, ; Bogdan, The seed-heads are purplish with spikelets densely clustered on the branches.
Aristida adscensionis – Wikipedia
The spikelets are covered with three unequal, scabrous and The seeds asdcensionis very sharp Quattrocchi, ; Bogdan, It is a very important forage in dry areas, especially during periods of feed scarcity Burkill, It is considered one of the best annual grasses in Arizona Skerman et al. It is used to make poor quality broomsticks in India and for thatching, weaving, as well as making sieves and stuffing material for camel saddles in Africa.
It is used in ethno-medicine as a lactation stimulant for women and to prevent itch and ringworm Quattrocchi, ; Burkill, It was introduced to the United States Skerman et al. It grows from sea level up to an altitude of m. It is tolerant of drought provided there is occasional rain. It can grow on many soils but prefers poor, rocky or sandy soils Skerman et al. It is found in disturbed poor soils in grassland and open bush throughout tropical Africa and ariztida on walls Quattrocchi,Skerman et al.
It is mainly propagated by wind, sheep and goats: Its value as fodder is controversial: It was found to be well grazed at early stages of growth and avoided at the late-flowering and seeding stages because of sharp seeds and stiff awns Quattrocchi, ; Bogdan, However, after the plant has dropped its seeds, the straw may be valuable fodder Burkill, It was found useful for the adscrnsionis of sand-dunes in India and Senegal Burkill, Aristida adscensionis has very sharp seeds that may injure animals, especially sheep.
The seeds may cause eye irritation, or enter the sheep skin, causing considerable pain Skerman et al.
In tropical Africa, it is available for grazing in both the rainy and the dry seasons, and can represent an important part of forage intake during the dry season due to lack of better quality fodder Burkill, At maturity, triple-awned spikelets and sharp seeds make the plant unpalatable Burkill, ; Skerman et al. Common needle grass Aristida adscensionis. Plant and animal families Plant and animal species. Datasheet Description Arisgida on the “Nutritional aspects” tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans.
Cereal and grass forages Forage plants.
Sharp seed injuries Aristida adscensionis has very sharp seeds that may injure animals, especially sheep. Tables of chemical composition and arisrida value.
Common needle grass Aristida adscensionisaerial part, fresh Common needle grass Aristida adscensionisaerial part, dry. Common needle grass Aristida adscensionisaerial part, fresh.
Common needle grass Aristida adscensionisaerial part, dry. References Balgees et al. Effect of leucaena and peanut meal supplements addscensionis to steers grazing native pasture in sub coastal south east Queensland.
Nutritive evaluation of some pasture plants in early and late rainy season in Mosai Southern Darfur State. Cobalt concentrations in pasture species grown in several cattle grazing areas of Queensland. Tropical pasture and fodder plants. Entry for Aristida Adscensionis Linn. Grazing beef cattle in native pasture areas in the dry region at different stocking rates. Anais do II seminario de pesquisa agropecuaria do Piaui.
The chemical composition of the grasses of Kenya – III. Harvard University Flinders, J.
Composition and degradation of jackrabbit and cottontail fecal pellets, Texas High Plains. Allelopathic effects of Aristida adscensionis on Rhizobium.
Grazing intensity effects of sheep on the growth of some plant species grown on sandy soil in a semi-arid region. A case study in Inner Adscensiohis, China. CRC World dictionary of grasses: Bromatologic composition of the herbaceous species of the Northeastern Brazil Caatinga.
Afistida composition, palatability and digestibility of free rangeland grasses of Northern grasslands of Pakistan. Online resource USDA, Autoecology of Aristida adscendionis Linn. Soares da Silva, D. US Forest Service,