The latest is the diary of Alfred Rosenberg, self-proclaimed chief ideologue of the National Socialist movement and author of its most important. Who is Alfred Rosenberg? 3. The Mythus of the Twentieth Century. 5. Chapter Two: Approaches to the Study of Nazi Ideology. Approaches that disregard. Der Mythus des Jahrhunderts: Alfred Rosenberg: Der Mythus des Jahrhunderts (; “The Myth of the 20th Century”) was a tedious exposition of.
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The Myth of the Twentieth Century German: The titular “myth” in the special Sorelian sense is “the myth of blood, which under the sign of the swastika unchains the racial world- revolution.
It is the awakening of the race-soulwhich after long sleep victoriously ends the race chaos. The book has been described as “one of the two great unread bestsellers of the Third Reich” the other being Mein Kampf.
The official document accompanying the prize “expressly praises Rosenberg as a ‘person who has, in a scientific and penetrating manner, laid the firm foundation for an understanding of the ideological bases of National Socialism. Rosenberg harshly rejected the idea of a “globular” mankind of homogeneity of nature as counter-factual, and asserted each biological race possesses a discrete, unique soulclaiming the Caucasoid Aryan racewith Germanic Nordics supposedly composing its vanguard elite, as qualitatively superior, in a vaguely “ontological” way, in comparison to all other ethnic and racial groupings: Other influences included the anti-modernist, “revolutionary” ideas of Friedrich NietzscheRichard Wagner ‘s Holy Grail romanticism inspired by the neo-Buddhist thesis of Arthur SchopenhauerHaeckelian mystical vitalism, the medieval German philosopher Meister Eckhart and the heirs of his mysticism and Nordicist Aryanism in general.
Rosenberg’s racial interpretation of history concentrates on the negative influence of the Jewish race in contrast to the Aryan race. He equates the latter with the Nordic peoples of northern Europe and also includes the Berbers from North Africa and the upper classes of Ancient Egypt.
In contrast, Aryan culture is defined by innate moral sensibility and an energetic will to power.
Rosenberg believed that the higher races must rule over the lower and not interbreed with thembecause cross-breeding destroys the divine combination of physical heredity and spirit. He uses an organic metaphor of the race and the State and argues that the Nazis must purify the race soul by eliminating non-Aryan elements in much the same ruthless and uncompromising way in which a surgeon would cut a cancer from a diseased body.
In Rosenberg’s view of world history, migrating Aryans founded various ancient civilizations which later declined and fell due to inter-marriage with lesser races.
He saw the ancient Germanic invasions of the Roman empire as “saving” its civilization, which had been corrupted both by race mixing and by “Judaized-cosmopolitan” Christianity. Furthermore, he claimed that the persecutions of Protestants in France and other areas represented the wiping out of the last remnants of the Aryan element in those areas, a process completed by the French revolution. In contemporary Europe, he saw the northern areas that embraced Protestantism as closest to the Aryan racial and spiritual ideal.
The “Mythus” is very anti-Catholic, seeing the Church’s cosmopolitanism and “Judaized” version of Christianity as one of the factors in Germany’s spiritual bondage.
Der Mythus des 20. Jahrhunderts
Rosenberg particularly emphasizes the anti-Judaic teachings of the heresies Marcionism and “Aryo-Persian” Manicheanism as more representative of the true, “anti-Judaic” Jesus Christ and more suited to the Nordic world-view.
Rosenberg saw Martin Luther and the Reformation as an important step forward toward reasserting the “Aryan spirit”, but is ultimately ambiguous in not having gone far enough in its founding of just another dogmatic church. When he discussed the future of religion in the future Reich, he suggested that a multiplicity rsoenberg forms be tolerated, including ” positive Christianity “, neo-paganismand a form of “purified” Aryan Hinduism.
He saw all these religious systems as allegorical after the manner of Schopenhauer’s teaching of religion as “folk-metaphysics”, and was skeptical that the Nordic gods, of which the keys of interpretation had been largely lost in involutive time, could gain a foothold rosenbetg modern times, without even conceding the desirability of the possibility.
Another myth, to which he gave “allegorical” and esoteric credence, was the hermetical idea of Atlantiswhich he felt might preserve a memory of an ancient Aryan homeland:. And so today the long derived hypothesis becomes a probability, namely that from a northern centre of creation which, without postulating an actual submerged Atlantic continent, we may call Atlantis, swarms of warriors once fanned out alfref obedience to the ever renewed and incarnate Nordic longing for distance to conquer and space to shape.
This account of world history is used to support his dualistic model of human experience, as are ideas co-opted from Nietzsche and Social Darwinist writers of the era.
Thanks to Nazi support, the book had sold more than one million copies by However, Adolf Hitler declared that it wasn’t to be considered the official ideology of the Nazi Party:. According to Konrad HeidenRosenberg had given the manuscript to Hitler to vet before its publication.
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After a year Hitler still had nothing to say. Hitler gave the still-unread work back to him saying, “I feel sure that it’s all right.
Its overt statement of anti-Christian sentiment made it difficult to give Rosenberg any position of prominence when the Nazis ascended to power. Many of the attacks on the book after its rosenbdrg came from its explicit anti-Christian message. Rosenberg wrote two supplements to the work, replying to Catholic and Protestant critics. A Reply to Critics of the Myth of the Twentieth Centuryhe accused Catholics of attempting to destroy the national character by promoting separatism within Catholic parts of the country.
Protestant Pilgrims to Rome: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Nazism outside of Germany.
Music and the Holocaust: Rosenberg, Alfred
Conot, Justice at Nuremberg, New York: Harper and Row,p. Adolf Hitler’s Secret Conversationsp. Fascism, Totalitarianism and Political Religion. A History of Ethnic Theories.
Christianity, Antisemitism, and the Holocaust. Palgrave Macmillan,p. Alfred Rosenberg and Nazi Ideology p. Gruyter Verlag Nazi Conceptions of Christianity,p. Definitions Economics Fascism and ideology Fascism worldwide Symbolism. Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging Greyshirts Ossewabrandwag. Der Sieg des Glaubens Tag der Freiheit: Unsere Wehrmacht Triumph of the Will. Retrieved from ” https: Articles containing German-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers.
I must insist that Rosenberg’s “The Myth of the Twentieth Century” is not to be regarded as an expression of the official doctrine of the party. The moment the book appeared, I deliberately refrained from recognizing it as any such thing. In the first place, its title gives a completely false impression I have myself merely glanced cursorily at it. Wikiquote has quotations related to: The Myth of the Twentieth Century. History s Arditi Fascio.